The Double Tax Avoidance Agreement (DTAA) is a crucial agreement between two countries that aims to prevent double taxation on the same income. India and Canada have signed a DTAA treaty that provides relief to taxpayers from both countries against double taxation. This agreement is crucial for individuals and corporations that have operations in both countries.

The agreement was signed in 1989 and amended in 2011. It covers taxes on income, including corporate income tax, personal income tax, and other forms of taxes, such as wealth taxes and capital gains taxes. The agreement also covers taxes on dividends, royalties, and interest income.

The Indian government has signed over 90 such agreements with various countries, but the treaty with Canada is significant due to the high volume of trade between both countries. The treaty ensures that businesses and individuals don`t pay tax in both countries on the same income, which would hamper trade and investment.

The treaty stipulates that a taxpayer who resides in one of the countries but earns income in the other country will not be double-taxed. For instance, if an Indian company operates in Canada and earns income, that income will be taxed only once in Canada and the same income will be exempted from tax in India. Similarly, if a person or a Canadian company earns income in India, they would pay tax on that income only in India, and the Canadian tax authorities would exempt it from taxation.

The treaty also helps to avoid tax fraud. It provides a mechanism to exchange tax information between both countries` tax authorities. This mechanism helps the authorities detect instances where taxpayers are not disclosing their full income, resulting in tax evasion.

In summary, the Double Tax Avoidance Agreement between India and Canada is vital for businesses and individuals operating in both countries. The agreement helps to prevent double taxation, promotes trade, and investment, and also helps to prevent tax fraud. Its provisions also ensure that taxpayers are not unfairly taxed twice on the same income. The treaty is a testament to the strong economic ties between India and Canada, and both countries have committed to maintaining and strengthening it in the future.